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NELSON MANDELA

1918-2013

Speaking about his mortality, Nelson Mandela once said:

"Death is something inevitable. When a man has done what he considers to be his duty to his people and his country, he can rest in peace."

 

The 95-year-old statesman has died after a long battle with a lung infection. Tributes are flooding in for the anti-apartheid icon as politicians, celebrities and people all over the world mourn the loss of anti-apartheid hero and South Africa's first black president Nelson "Madiba" Mandela who passed away last Thursday at his home at age 95. "What made Nelson Mandela great was precisely what made him human." said South African President Jacob Zuma. "We saw in him what we seek in ourselves." he added as he announced an upcoming state funeral and ordered all flags in the country to be flown at half-staff to honor the fallen leader and statesman who battled a recurring lung infection in the weeks leading to his passing.

 

Two videos about Nelson Mandela:

A documentary about Nelson Mandela: Nelson Mandela, a Human Rights Legend:

http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=nelson+mandela+biography+&sm=3

 

Nelson Mandela’s biography:

 

Candles are placed in front of the image of the late South African leader Nelson Mandela, during a vigil by Palestinians and members of the African community in the Old City of Jerusalem. (Dec 7th, 2013- AP)

 

Driving Mandela

Nelson Mandela’s former driver paid tribute on Saturday to the deceased former South African President at the Grand Parade, the very place he drove Mandela when he delivered his first speech as free man more than 23 years ago.
Roseberry Sonto has been credited with driving Mandela to freedom after Mandela’s release from Victor Vester prison.
Sonto was among a delegation of provincial African National Council (ANC) members lead a wreath laying tribute to Mandela in the city.
While Sonto expressed his sadness at Mandela’s passing, he also said he was relieved that Mandela is not suffering anymore.
“Very sad indeed, I don’t know what to say. We expected that the man is not immortal, but I think the weight of death is more than a man can imagine, but the old man is gone. He is resting in no more pains, no more worries. All I can say is that, go well Tata. You’ve done your bid in life. You are now that angel,” said Sonto. (Dec 7th, 2013 – AP)

 

U.S. President Barack Obama and first lady Michelle Obama tour Robben Island, South Africa, June 30, 2013. Robben Island is a historic Apartheid-era prison that held black political prisoners including Nelson Mandela. (June, 30th, 2013-AP)

The White House says First Lady Michelle Obama will attend Nelson Mandela’s memorial on Tuesday in South Africa with President Barack Obama.

 

A video

Nelson Mandela 'belongs to the ages', says Barack Obama.
US president Barack Obama pays tribute to former South African president Nelson Mandela, who has died aged 95.

 

 

 

April 27, 1994. ANC leader Nelson Mandela casts his vote during South Africa's first all-race elections at Ohlange High School in Inanda, South Africa, 10 miles north of Durban. (AP)

 

President of the ANC Nelson Mandela reaches out to the crowd greeting him on Monday, Jan. 31, 1994 in Ikageng Stadium, a township just outside the western Transvaal city Potchefstroom. (AP)

 

 

Vilakazi Street in Soweto, where Mandela resided when he lived in the township.

(Dec 6th, 2013-Reuters)

 

A mourner takes photos of a brick wall in the house of Nelson Mandela in Soweto, in the outskirts of Johannesburg. (Dec 7th, 2013 –Reuters)

 

Hamza Massengo from the Republic of Congo gathers with mourners outside Mandela's house in the Houghton Estates neighbourhood of Johannesburg.

(Dec 7th, 2013 - Reuters)

 

People comfort each other outside the house of Mandela in Johannesburg

(December 7th, 2013 – Reuters)

 

A video

 

INSIDE STORY: “What now for the Rainbow Nation?”

As South Africans celebrate the life of Nelson Mandela, we examine his legacy and closely it is tied to the ANC. (Dec 7th, 2013)

 

South Africa Mourns Death of Nelson Mandela

By Jeff J Mitchell (Getty Images News – Dec. 07, 2013)

 

Two videos:

Meeting Mandela

The Mandela Rhodes Scholars of 2008 meet with Nelson Mandela, Prof. G. J. Gerwel (Chairman of the Nelson Mandela Foundation and the Mandela Rhodes Foundation) and Shaun Johnson (CEO of the Mandela Rhodes Foundation) at the Nelson Mandela Foundation in Houghton, Gauteng, South Africa. (2008)

 

South African journalist recalls meeting Mandela

Journalist Shaun Johnson talks about the legacy of Nelson Mandela, and the vision of the Mandela Rhodes Foundation. Johnson had known Mandela for 23 years, and was one of the very first people Mandela asked to interview him. (Dec 7th, 2013)

 

 

Mandela funeral cortege to process through Pretoria

Nelson Mandela’s funeral cortege will travel through the streets of the capital Pretoria, the South African government said Saturday, encouraging people to line the route.

“Every morning, when the remains leave the mortuary to the lying in state, those routes will be made public,” said government spokesman Neo Momodu.

Mandela’s remains will lie in state at the Union Buildings- the official seat, of the South African government – on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday.

The lying in state is part of a larger ten-day remembrance of the former president, who died on Thursday, aged 95.

On December 9, both houses of parliament will be recalled from recess for a special joint sitting in honour of Mandela’s legacy.

The following day, a memorial service will be held at a 90,000- plus capacity stadium in Soweto.

The “Soccer City” stadium hosted the 2010 World Cup Final where Mandela made his last major public appearance.

Mandela will be buried on December 15th, in Qunu, a town in the Eastern Cape, the hilly rural area where he grew up. (Dec 7th, 2013)

 

LONDON: People from all walks of life, nationalities, races came to say goodbye to Madiba the great, last night at his statue in the City of Westminster, London. Such was the caliber of the man. “It always seems impossible until it’s done.” (Dec 7th- AP)

 

Mandela's village awaits the final return of their son

In Nelson Mandela’s childhood village of Qunu, residents are solemnly preparing for the final return of their beloved son, who will be laid to rest among them, a week from now.

Elderly men in the picturesque village dotted with traditional round huts bow their heads and lower their voices when they speak of the anti-apartheid hero who has “returned to his ancestors”.

Here, there has been no explosion of public emotion as seen in Johannesburg, no singing to celebrate Mandela’s 95 years, no all-night vigils.

His home, overlooking the hills and valleys of the Eastern Cape – where Mandela said he spent his happiest childhood days – is somber and eerily quiet.

“We are in mourning, he deserves our greatest last respects,” said Chief Mfundo Mtirara, Mandela’s nephew.

Mtirara had the difficult task of breaking the news of Mandela’s death to some close relatives.

“A great man is gone, we are deeply saddened, even though we knew that this day would come,” he said.

“He deserved our respects while he was still alive, we are going to continue to give him that respect even in death,” said Mtirara, who lives near Mandela’s homestead. (Dec 7th, 2013-AFP)

 

A father photographs his daughter on Vilakazi Street in Soweto, where the late South African President resided when he lived in the township. (Dec 7th, 2013 - Reuters)

 

A man is holding a placard on Vilakazi Street in Soweto, where the former South African President Nelson Mandela resided when he lived in the township. (Dec 7th, 2013 – Reuters)

 

British newspapers with headlines about the death of South Africa's former president Nelson Mandela outside of a news agent in London, December 6, 2013. (Reuters)

 

 

A video

“What does Mandela mean to you?"

(April 12th, 2013- CNN)

 

Obama, other world leaders to honour Mandela as South Africa mourns

South Africa has begun preparations to host US President Barack Obama and other world leaders eager to pay their respects to Nelson Mandela during 10 days of mourning for the anti-apartheid icon.

Obama, America’s first black president, will travel to South Africa next week, the White House said, joining a raft of world leaders for a huge December 10 memorial service.

Mandela’s body will lie in state in Pretoria for three days before he receives a state burial on December 15 in his boyhood home of Qunu.

The logistics are daunting for hosting the great and the good who plan to fly in from around world to honour the universally respected statesman.

Memorial events begin Saturday with thousands expected at a wreath-laying event in a Johannesburg park.

Obama and his wife Michelle will travel to South Africa together with former first couple George W. and Laura Bush.

Ex-president Bill Clinton, who was in office when Mandela took power to become South Africa’s first black president, also said that he would be making the trip with his family. (Dec. 7th, 2013- AFP)

 

INDIA: SLEEP WELL MADIBA (Sand Artist: Sudarsan Pattnaik –

Golden Sand Beach-Puri, India- Dec 7th, 2013)

 

The Empire State building is lit up in the colours of the South African flag.

(Dec 7th, 2013 –Reuters)

 

People pay respect in South Africa and beyond

 

A three-minute video installation showing some of Mandela’s most famous words and teachings were due to be broadcast on electronic billboards at Times Square every 30 minutes throughout the weekend (Dec 7th, 2013- AFP)

 

 

Young South Africans release 95 balloons representing the 95 years of life enjoyed by Mandela in Johannesburg (Dec 7th, 2013 – Reuters)

 

 

Flowers and tributes at London's Trafalgar Square (Dec 7th, 2013 –Reuters)

 

 

South Africans gather outside his home in Houghton, Johannesburg

(Dec 7th, 2013 –Reuters)

 

 

South Africans light candles outside his home (Dec 7th, 2013 – Reuters)

 

 

A flag is lowered to half mast at the South African embassy in Berlin

(Dec 7th, 2013 – AFP)

 

 

“A GIANT HAS FALLEN.”

 

Maya Angelou, who first met Nelson Mandela in the early 1960s, praised him as a great man worthy of comparison to another icon she knew, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. (Dec 7th, 2013)

 

“Our planet has lost a friend,” the author and poet said on Friday during a telephone interview.

Angelou was a journalist in Egypt living with South African activist Vusumzi Make, when Mandela visited them. She remembered him as a handsome and funny and unusually generous with compliments, able to get along with the varying groups of political opponents to South Africa’s apartheid regime.

Mandela was imprisoned in 1964, but their friendship resumed in the 1990s after his release, she said.

“He was kind to everybody,” she said.

The US Department of State later on Friday released a video of Angelou reciting a new poem “His Day is Done,” in which she mourned Mandela’s death, praised him as a modern Gideon and, in one passage, marveled at his endurance of racism and imprisonment.

 

-------------------------------

Would the man survive?

Could the man survive?

His answer strengthened men and women around the world.

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Angelou learned of Mandela’s death Thursday just hours after she heard of another friend’s passing.

“This is a very heavy time,” she said sadly during her phone interview.

“A giant has fallen.” (Dec 7th, 2013 – AP)

 

Former US secretary of state, Hillary Clinton on Friday praised the life of South Africa’s late leader Nelson Mandela, whom she hailed as « a giant among us.»

 

Clinton, who was accepting a prestigious human rights award in Washington, focused on Mandela's death, saying Americans and others should use his towering moral authority as a compass to improve conditions worldwide.

“We meet on the day after the loss of a giant among us,” said Clinton, who recalled how she first met Mandela in 1992 and again on subsequent occasions, including when she was America’s top diplomat.

Mandela, who died at age 95, was “someone who by the power of his example demonstrated unequivocally how each of us can choose how we will respond to those injustices and grievances, those sorrows and tragedies, that afflict all of humankind,” she told hundreds of guests at a Capitol Hill ceremony. (Dec 7th, 2013) Clinton became the first woman recipient of the Tom Lantos Human Rights Prize, named after the Holocaust survivor and US congressman who died in 2008.

Clinton, 66, noted that Mandela and Lantos were both born into oppression – Lantos in Nazi-era Hungary, Mandela in apartheid South Africa – and overcame “the worst humanity can offer.”

Their commitments to human rights transcended borders and inspired Clinton to embark on her quest to improve conditions for women around the world. (Dec 7th, 2013 – AFP)

 

Tribute to the father of the rainbow nation (Dec 7th, 2013 - Photo: EPA/ Kim Ludbrook)

 

South Africa begins memorial ceremonies for Nelson Mandela, burial scheduled

for December 15th

(December 7th, 2013-Associated Press)

Here is the schedule of arrangements for the laying to rest of Nelson Mandela, as announced by South African President Jacob Zuma and the government communications office on Friday:

 

- Sunday, Dec. 8: National day of prayer and reflection. "We call upon all our people to gather in halls, churches, mosques, temples, synagogues and in their homes for prayer services and meditation, reflecting on the life of Madiba and his contribution to our country and the world," Zuma said, using Mandela's clan name.

 

- Tuesday, Dec. 10: Official memorial service at the FNB Stadium in Johannesburg. Mandela's last public appearance was at the same stadium in 2010 for the closing ceremony of the soccer World Cup. For the tournament the stadium was called Soccer City.

 

- Wednesday, Dec. 11 to Friday, Dec. 13: Mandela's body will lie in state at the Union Buildings in Pretoria. During these days, official memorial services will also be held in all provinces and regions.

 

- Sunday, Dec. 15: State funeral and burial at Qunu, Eastern Cape Province.

 

Related press articles:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remembering Nelson Mandela - The world's front pages :

 

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“Learn as if you were to live forever.” Mahatma Gandhi

2013 - Site web réalisé par Philippe STOLTZ, élève en terminale S, et Nathalie DUFAUX, professeur d anglais - Lycée Français Anna de Noailles de Bucarest.